high pressure o idation of refractory gold minerals

Pressure Oxidation | Mining | SGS

Pressure oxidation (POX), high pressure oxidation (HiPOX) and ACTIVOX autoclave leaching are viable industry-standard technologies used to recover gold and other accessory metals. The process is particularly well suited for treating refractory gold ores, which

Pressure oxidation Wikipedia

Pressure Oxidation is a process for extracting gold from refractory ore.. The most common refractory ores are pyrite and arsenopyrite, which are sulfide ores that trap the gold within them.Refractory ores require pre-treatment before the gold can be adequately extracted. The pressure oxidation process is used to prepare such ores for conventional gold extraction processes such as cyanidation.

Pressure Oxidation Caldera Engineering

Pressure Oxidation (POX) is a process used to extract gold, copper, zinc, molybdenum, and uranium from refractory ore bodies. The POX process utilizes elevated temperatures (roughly 230 degrees Celsius), elevated pressures (roughly 35 bar or 510 psi), and oxygen to liberate the minerals from refractory

[PDF]

PRESSURE OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD ORES: THE

Pressure Oxidation Pressure oxidation is employed to liberate gold and silver in refractory sulfide concentrates often and ores. The main pressure oxidation products from iron sulfide minerals are sulfuric acid (and metal sulfates) and hematite. Depending on the conditions within the autoclave, acid containing iron compounds can be formed.

Gold extraction Wikipedia

翻译此页Overview

Refractory Gold Ore Treatment Methods

Metallurgical ContentGold Leaching & Processing of Arsenic OreMispickel (Arsenopyrite: FeAsS).6Leaching and Recovering Gold from Antimony MineralsStibnite (Antimony Sulphide, Sb2S2)Telluride Gold Ore ProcessingSolubility of TelluridesGold Extraction from Carbonaceous OreList Gold Refractory Process Methods Where gold is associated with arsenic, antimony, tellurium, and certain other minerals

(PDF) Pressure oxidation of double refractory gold

The pressure oxidation approach that allows obtaining high gold recovery from double refractory materials was proposed. $/7$ Discover the world's research 17+ million members

Refractory Gold Processes Mineral Processing & Metallurgy

Your gold concentrate will afterwards undergo ultrafine grind and go for the cheapest oxidation there is ie: Atmospheric or Low Pressure Oxidation before going to classic CIL. This last more costly option is commonly known as POX or High Pressure Oxidation for the most difficult refractory gold ores.

[PDF]

ALTA Gold 2012 E-Doc Albion Process

Refractory gold ores are those that do not yield high gold recoveries in conventional cyanide-leaching circuits, even when the ore is finely ground. The cause of low gold recoveries can be either through the presence of naturally occurring ‘preg robbing’ carbonaceous materials or gold physically ‘locked’ in sulphide minerals.

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate Article in Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing 49(1):101-109 · January 2013 with 243 Reads How we measure 'reads'

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold

Pressure oxidation of pyrite-arsenopyrite refractory gold concentrate Article in Physicochemical Problems of Mineral Processing 49(1):101-109 · January 2013 with 243 Reads How we measure 'reads'

Refractory Gold Processes Mineral Processing & Metallurgy

Your gold concentrate will afterwards undergo ultrafine grind and go for the cheapest oxidation there is ie: Atmospheric or Low Pressure Oxidation before going to classic CIL. This last more costly option is commonly known as POX or High Pressure Oxidation for the most difficult refractory gold ores.

Basic iron sulfate — a potential killer in the processing

Refractory gold concentrates often contain submicroscopic gold that is encapsulated within the crystal matrix of iron sulfide minerals, such as pyrite, pyrrhotite and arsenopyrite. To recover the gold, the host mineral must generally be broken down chemically by oxidative processes, such as roasting, pressure oxidation or bacterial leaching, which expose the gold for subsequent recovery by

[PDF]

Developments in the pretreatment of refractory gold

The high-pressure nitric acid oxidation process is shown in Figure 1. LI, D.-X. Developments on the pretreatment of refractory gold minerals by nitric acid. World Gold Conference 2009,The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 2009. Developments in the pretreatment of refractory gold minerals by nitric acid D.-X. LI

[PDF]

Basic Iron Sulphate in Pressure Oxidation Processing

SGS MINERALS SERVICES. TECHNICAL PAPER 2009-06 2009. BASIC IRON SULPHATE – A POTENTIAL KILLER FOR PRESSURE OXIDATION PROCESSING . OF REFRACTORY GOLD CONCENTRATES IF NOT HANDLED APPROPRIATELY. C.A. FLEMING –– SGS MINERALS. ABSTRACT. Refractory gold concentrates often contain sub-microscopic gold that is encapsulated

Acid leaching decarbonization and following pressure

Jul 16, 2016· Carbonate decomposition of carbonic refractory gold ore and the following pressure oxidation were studied. In the carbonate decomposition procedure, the effects of liquid-to-solid ratio and reaction time on decomposition ratio of carbonate were investigated. The experimental result shows that the decomposition ratio of carbonate is 98.24% under the conditions of liquid-to-solid ratio of 5:1

[PDF]

The Leachox™ Refractory Gold Process – The Testing, Design

Oxidation . ABSTRACT . The Leachox refractory gold process has to date been applied to the selectivetreatment of several refractory gold ores but on a relatively small scale. In this paper the successful implementation of the process, from initial testing through to commissioning at one of the world’s largest refractory gold mines is described.

:: Maelgwyn Minerals’ Leachox Refractory Gold Process hits

To compare process routes and recoveries, pressure oxidation can completely breakdown the sulphides and then achieve high gold recoveries, maybe greater than 95%. Where as with the Leachox process and the partial oxidation, depending on the nature of the mineralogy, recoveries in the range 80% to 90% can be expected.

Kinetics of high-sulphur and high-arsenic refractory gold

On one hand, high-sulphur and high-arsenic refractory gold concentrate (HGC) leads to regional ecological damage. On the other hand, it contains a lot of valuable elements. So utilization of it can bring social and environmental benefits. In this paper, the kinetics of HGC oxidation by dilute nitric acid under mild conditions was investigated.

Autoclave Technology Hatch

Autoclave Technology; Improved. gold recovery from refractory ores. Some ores require a high-temperature, high-pressure pretreatment process before leaching in order to improve metal recovery from the complex ore. The entire spectrum—or whatever elements are most appropriate to your operation—leads to successful pressure oxidation

Treatment of carbonaceous refractory gold ores ScienceDirect

Refractory ore treatment by this method normally gives gold extraction in excess of 95%. Autoclave leaching of refractory gold ores on an industrial scale started in the 1980's because of the high gold price and because pressure oxidation is an environmentally accepted alternative to roasting.

refractory gold Archives International Mining

“Pressure oxidation was selected as the most feasible processing technology for double refractory ores. It is able to achieve gold recoveries of 96% by utilising high temperatures, elevated pressure and oxygen to recover encapsulated gold, while conventional cyanidation methods would result in sub-optimal recovery rates of 20-40%.

OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD CONCENTRATES AND SIMULTANEOUS

Jan 01, 2004· AbstractIt has been established that gold can be dissolved under conditions typical of those encountered during the pressure oxidation of refractory gold ores provided that the solutions contain chloride ions and that a high ratio of iron(III)/iron(II) is maintained.

REFRACTORY GOLD PanTerra Gold Limited

REFRACTORY GOLD. By definition, refractory gold ores contain gold that is resistant to extraction by conventional chemical processing and as a result responds poorly to traditional gold cyanidation techniques such as Carbon-in-Leach (CIL), yielding less than 80% of the contained gold.

Kinetics of high-sulphur and high-arsenic refractory gold

On one hand, high-sulphur and high-arsenic refractory gold concentrate (HGC) leads to regional ecological damage. On the other hand, it contains a lot of valuable elements. So utilization of it can bring social and environmental benefits. In this paper, the kinetics of HGC oxidation by dilute nitric acid under mild conditions was investigated.

Autoclave Technology Hatch

Autoclave Technology; Improved. gold recovery from refractory ores. Some ores require a high-temperature, high-pressure pretreatment process before leaching in order to improve metal recovery from the complex ore. The entire spectrum—or whatever elements are most appropriate to your operation—leads to successful pressure oxidation

Treatment of carbonaceous refractory gold ores ScienceDirect

Refractory ore treatment by this method normally gives gold extraction in excess of 95%. Autoclave leaching of refractory gold ores on an industrial scale started in the 1980's because of the high gold price and because pressure oxidation is an environmentally accepted alternative to roasting.

refractory gold Archives International Mining

“Pressure oxidation was selected as the most feasible processing technology for double refractory ores. It is able to achieve gold recoveries of 96% by utilising high temperatures, elevated pressure and oxygen to recover encapsulated gold, while conventional cyanidation methods would result in sub-optimal recovery rates of 20-40%.

OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD CONCENTRATES AND SIMULTANEOUS

Jan 01, 2004· AbstractIt has been established that gold can be dissolved under conditions typical of those encountered during the pressure oxidation of refractory gold ores provided that the solutions contain chloride ions and that a high ratio of iron(III)/iron(II) is maintained.

REFRACTORY GOLD PanTerra Gold Limited

REFRACTORY GOLD. By definition, refractory gold ores contain gold that is resistant to extraction by conventional chemical processing and as a result responds poorly to traditional gold cyanidation techniques such as Carbon-in-Leach (CIL), yielding less than 80% of the contained gold.

the gold strike pressure oxidation plant process

high pressure o idation of refractory gold minerals. Pressure oxidationWikipediaRefractory ores require pre-treatment before the gold can be adequately extracted. The pressure oxidation process is used to prepa. Get Price

Valves for gold autoclave pressure oxidation (POX) minevik

Autoclave pressure oxidation (POX) is an effective pre-treatment option when extracting gold from refractory ore bodies, such as pyrite and arsenopyrite. While gold processing plants are the most common utilizers of POX technology, the process can also be

[PDF]

OXIDATION OF REFRACTORY GOLD CONCENTRATES AND

gold. The oxidation of refractory arsenical gold concentrates in aerated alkaline solutions results in the formation of thiosulfate, arsenate and sulfate as well as the dissolution of gold, copper and iron. It appears that the dissolution of gold is due to the complex reactions of gold with thiosulfate ions promoted by the catalytic effect of

The problems caused by iron International Mining

A section of the article on gold recovery techniques in the May issue of the magazine had to be cut due to space constraints. It covered the paper Basic iron sulphate – a potential killer for pressure oxidation processing of refractory gold concentrates if not handled properly presented at this year’s SME annual meeting by Chris Fleming of SGS. . He suggests investigating the use of a

Pressure oxidation Wikipedia

Pressure Oxidation is a process for extracting gold from refractory ore.. The most common refractory ores are pyrite and arsenopyrite, which are sulfide ores that trap the gold within them.Refractory ores require pre-treatment before the gold can be adequately extracted. The pressure oxidation process is used to prepare such ores for conventional gold extraction processes such as cyanidation.

[PDF]

A FUNDAMENTAL STUDY OF THE ACIDIC PRESSURE

2.3 Pretreatment of Refractory Sulfidic Gold Ores 15 2.3.1 Pressure Oxidation 18 2.4 Acidic Pressure Oxidation of Iron and Arsenic Sulfide Minerals 29 References 38 CHAPTER 3 FUNDAMENTALS OF OXIDATION 45 3.1 Thermodynamics 45 3.2 Kinetic Considerations 59 3.2.1 Kinetic Model 64 References 72 CHAPTER 4 EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAM 75 4.1 Materials 75

Minerals & Metallurgical Processing

Iron sulfide minerals break down completely during pressure oxidation, and dissolve in the sulfuric acid solution that is generated from oxidation of the sulfides. This dissolution liberates the tiny gold particles that were originally trapped in the sulfide crystals, and gold recovery during subsequent cyanidation is usually very high (>95%).

What is PRESSURE OXIDATION? What does PRESSURE OXIDATION

Aug 20, 2017· When the original sulfide minerals are oxidized at high temperature and pressure, it completely releases the trapped gold. Pressure oxidation has a very high gold